San Francisco: the Golden Gate Bridge
The Golden Gate bridge is one of the most famous and beautiful bridges in the world because of its spectacular location, graceful lines, Art Deco detailing, and emblematic color. With towers extending 700 feet into the sky and over 100 feet beneath the bay, the bridge is also an engineering marvel. You may walk or bike the entire length of the 1.2 mile-long bridge, but dress warmly! A gift center and a café welcome visitors at the south end. Bridge walk is open between the hours of 7 a.m. and 7 p.m.
On May 27, 1937, exactly seventy-five years ago, the Golden Gate Bridge was opened: the great bridge over the Golden Gate, the strait between the San Francisco Bay and the Pacific Ocean. It is one of the most famous attractions of the city of San Francisco, the United States, and also one of the busiest places in the city, with its three lanes in each direction. Across the bridge, in fact, passes one of the longest highways in the country, U.S. Route 101.
Before the construction of the Golden Gate Bridge, you could reach the other side of the strait only by ferry, which began to be used by the twenties of the nineteenth century. But then, at the beginning of the twentieth century, the demands for the construction of a bridge across the Straits became more and more insistent, and the project was undertaken by the American engineer (and poet) Joseph Baermann Strauss but was helped greatly by the engineer Charles Alton Ellis, by Leon Moisseiff, that of the Manhattan Bridge in New York, and the architect Irving Morrow.