Florence, Teatro della Pergola
One of the most important historic opera house of Florence is Teatro della Pergola, which is located near Ospedale di Santa Maria Nuova. It was projected by Ferdinando Tacca and was built in 1656, on the orders of Accademia degli Immobili.
The inauguration took place during the Carnival of 1657, and, on this occasion, the premiere of Il Podestà di Colognole (by Giovanni Andrea Moniglia) was performed. From an architectural point of view, Teatro della Pergola represented a great innovation, because it was the first theater to be built with superposed tiers of boxes. In fact, until that period, theaters were built according to Roman fashion, with raked semi-circular seating.
In the basement there is a small museum with many memorabilia on display. Teatro della Pergola is particularly important also because the Italian melodrama born here; later, it developed itself into Italian lyric. Many important premieres took place here, for example, in the Macbeth by Giuseppe Verdi, and Orpheus and Eurydice by Joseph Haydn.
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